Tuesday, May 29, 2012

In the Spotlight: Shoe Shine Boy (1943)

Tonight, May 29th, 2012, Turner Classic Movies is broadcasting a a night devoted to the feature films of the talented, beautiful and tragic Dorothy Dandridge, which include Carmen Jones, Bright Road, The Decks Ran Red, and Tarzan's Peril. You can see more about those films here.

The purpose of this post is to draw your attention to a brief, rarely screened little movie scheduled between Bright Road (1953) and The Harlem Globetrotters (1951) at 11:12 PM (ET). Shoe Shine Boy (1943) is the name of the musical featurette, which gives us a peek at some dark social history and the presence of a real talent who came along at a tough time in movies--despite everything. I think it deserves to be seen.  

Shoe Shine Boy (1943) is a wartime period film made at MGM with some flag-waving and painfully unconscious but inescapable racism that was all too common at the time, but it is notable for the earnestness of the leading man, Melvin C. Bryant (1924–2001), whose apparently remarkable talent on the trumpet kicks this little movie into a class by itself.
Above: Mel Bryant in his brief moment in the spotlight.

This short is ostensibly about an African-American youth seeking $2 so that he can get a horn out of a pawn shop. In the course of working for the money he shines shoes for character actors Walter Catlett & Sam Levene, who play two competitive, but down-on-their-luck show biz agents. Once this pair hears him play, they--and everyone else--stop to hear him. Even the chef and dishwashers come out to join the throng who hear him play in the dive where he first proves his mettle, prompting the vaudeville-era sharpies to recognize his talent and offer him a contract. After hearing him play veteran songsmith Phil Moore's "Trumpet Lament," they duel verbally over which of them has the right to describe the polite and unpretentious "boy" as "my property," as they envision a $1million future for the phenomenal musician.

In the end--thank heavens, since we all know how well musicians are often treated by management--the youth only wants that horn for the pleasure it brings him to play it and a chance to serve his country in the service during the war. In some ways this is a simple-minded curio from a time well past. It may be worth seeing for the strangeness of it and for Mr. Bryant's jaw-dropping musical expressiveness on the trumpet. I might also watch it again to note the musician's quietly expressed sense of self, which neither of the characters who saw him as a money-maker could ever fully understand.

I have tried to do some research on Mel Bryant since first seeing this, but I have learned only a little. Most of all, I wanted to know if that young man was actually playing the trumpet or was he dubbed? From the info I've discovered so far, I think the answer is that he did play that well and he was probably the trumpeter in that short.

Apparently, his career went no where--though the war may have interfered with that. IMDb shows that he appeared in only one other movie, an uncredited role in RKO's Riverboat Rhythm (1946), which also had Walter Catlett in a supporting role. Between 1973-1980, Bryant also appeared on some television shows such as Sanford and Son, Archie Bunker's Place and Cannon, but his credits ended after 1980 and the end of his life in 2001. Film historian Donald Bogle's history of African-Americans in show biz in LA, Bright Boulevards, Bold Dreams: The Story of Black Hollywood revealed that Mel Bryant was an actor-singer-musician in Los Angeles in the 1940s. Other sources indicate that his family, including an older brother, Frederick and a younger sister, Clora, grew up in Denison, Texas in the '20s-'40s under the nurturing guidance of a single father, who was a very intelligent man despite his own lack of a formal education. Their father, Charles Bryant, "always thought [his children] were talented."
Clora Bryant in her musical prime

Mr. Bryant's sister, Clora Bryant, became a major talent as a jazz trumpeter who had to contend with racial as well as gender discrimination throughout her career. Clora Bryant, who is still active today, developed into an influential musician, helping other female jazz artists, and holding her own with contemporaries such as Dizzy Gillespie and Charlie Parker. Now 84, Ms. Bryant has written a bit about her remarkable family's journey from Denison, Texas to LA in a book she edited, Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles and in an interview she did with Stephen L. Isoardi entitled Central Avenue Sounds: Clora Bryant, which is part of the Dept. of Special Collections at UCLA online and can be seen here.
Clora Bryant, Mel Bryant's sister, in her prime.

In these published accounts, Clora recalled her awe at the exciting urban world that unfolded before her when she arrived in LA at Union Station with her father in 1944, a year after her brother Mel made Shoeshine Boy. Her brothers and father all encouraged her to study the trumpet seriously, and Mel even signed his paycheck over to his sister in 1944 when he was serving in the Marines to enable her to continue her musical studies in college. I have not been able to find out more about Mel Bryant's later career on stage or [perhaps uncredited] screen appearances, though in the course of a 50 year career, it seems that the impetus behind his and his sister's interest in show business and music began early.

His sister recalled that as children, "We'd go to see the movies, mostly musicals, come home and imitate the singing and dancing. Then, you had the black movies and black theaters, and you couldn't go to the white theaters. They would always have good black movies to show."

"...At the movies," [Clora and her brother Mel] would fantasize about the movies that we'd see in the afternoon on a Saturday or cowboy movies, Buck Rogers, space serials, etc., Tom Mix, Ken Maynard, Hoot Gibson. During the summer, Dad would let us go to the movies during the week. But there were always a lot of good musicals on, especially when the war came on. MGM [Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer] had some fantastic musicals...My brother Mel...and I would always go, and we'd sit there until we'd absorbed it like osmosis, everything that they were doing. My brother and I and another girl [Ollie Mae Bailey] at school were the Andrews Sisters. [sings] "I'll be with you in apple blossom time" or "Bei mir bist du schön, please let me explain." And those stupid songs they had— Harry Babbit was on— Whose show was that? "Down in the meadow, in an itty-bitty pool, fam fee itty-bitty fishes and the mudder fitty too," you know, all those stupid songs! [she laughed as she described these songs that she and her brother used to sing with their friend]."

If anyone knows more about Mel Bryant and his later career, I'd be very grateful if you would share it here. Thanks.

If you miss tonight's short, you can see a grainy copy of it at the link below--though the original one usually aired by TCM is in near pristine condition:

Shoe Shine Boy-1943 by redhotjazz

Bright Boulevards, Bold Dreams: The Story of Black Hollywood by Donald Bogle, (Random House, 2006), Jazzwomen: Conversations With Twenty-One Musicians, Volume 1 by Wayne Enstice & Janis Stockhouse, (Inidiana Univ. Press, 2004), Central Avenue Sounds: Jazz in Los Angeles edited by Clora Bryant, Buddy Collette, William Green, Steve Isoardi and Marl Young (Univ. of California Press, 1999).


Caftan Woman said...

I enjoy learning about Clora Bryant through this article. I hope more information on Mel comes forward.

I've caught "Shoeshine Boy" twice now on TCM and both times was left in awe by the trumpet playing.

Moira Finnie said...

Thanks, Patricia. I just hope that someone who knows more about this man's life is able to fill in the blanks a bit in the future.

Jacqueline T Lynch said...

A wonderful post, fascinating info. I'd like to know more, too, about this brother and sister.

Anonymous said...

I loved this post :) I lived in Vegas for 5 years and knew Mel, he was a customer at the Casino I worked at and was one of the greatest men I have ever met. This was back in 1999 until he past away in 2001. He was such a Happy guy and just loved me. When he passed away his friend brought me his old watch and told me Mel wanted me to have it...What a great story, I didn't know much about his family so it was nice to read this about him and his sister !

Moira Finnie said...

Thank you so much for your comments and insights into Mel Bryant's life and your friendship with him. Could you please tell me if Mr. Bryant was able to continue performing as a musician throughout his life? Again, I am so grateful that you shared your memories of this talented man here.

Michael Manell said...

+Michael Manell
I know about this short because the trumpet player on the band stand was my dad (Mel Manell). I am sure that Mel Bryant's part was dubbed because I was told that it was my dad that was playing the music.He worked for F.E. Olds and Sons musical instruments but was also a professinol musician.

Moira Finnie said...

Thank you for sharing your insight into this short film, Michael. I wish that we had access to the MGM archives where we might find more info in the records about the production of this short and your father's career as a musician. Do you know if your father might have participated in any other films? I suspect that your Dad and many other musicians deserve more credit than is currently known.

From what we know about dubbing during the studio era, it was entirely possible that the trumpet work in this movie was dubbed or enhanced by your father's work. I once read that Peg LaCentra, a fine singer from the period and an actress, would often be used to sub for or sweeten the sound of such actresses as Ida Lupino and Susan Hayward in films, even while she appeared with big bands, acted on the radio and showed up in small parts in films, most notably in Humoresque (1945) where she sings on camera in a scene set in a cocktail lounge.

Thanks again for adding another piece to the puzzle posed by this brief but memorable film.


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